It is undeniable that sometimes unexpected events, such as disasters, require social assistance funds in the form of grants so that they can help reduce the burden on victims of the losses resulting from the disaster. Therefore, it is important to understand well how the planning is carried out to be able to channel the existing aid funds properly and also to reach all disaster victims as well as possible. Therefore, this time, we will discuss about the social assistance funds provided with the grant pattern as will be given in the existing article as below.
Know What is a Social Assistance Fund with a Grant Pattern
The implementation of disaster management is an activity starting from the stages before a disaster occurs, when a disaster occurs, to the post-disaster stages that must be carried out in order to get life back. The main authority and responsibility for disaster management lies with the Government, regional government and the community, which is carried out in a directed, coordinated and integrated manner since the establishment of development policies that pose a risk of disaster.
In connection with the implementation of the provisions of laws and regulations regarding the allocation of social assistance funds with a grant pattern by BNPB to disaster-affected areas, so that the use of social assistance funds with a grant pattern can be carried out effectively, and adhere to the principles of good and correct governance.
Furthermore, social assistance funds with the pattern of grants are funds provided by the Government to local governments as assistance for post-disaster management to affected parties. Grant-patterned social assistance funds are used for post-disaster rehabilitation and reconstruction activities for physical and non-physical objects that are directly or indirectly affected by the disaster in accordance with the provisions that have been given and are in effect in accordance with existing laws and regulations.
The amount of social fund assistance with a maximum grant pattern is given in the amount of a Decision Letter for Determination of Allocations, which can then be stated in a Manuscript of Agreement which will later be determined based on the occurrence of a disaster.
Provisions for Providing Social Assistance to Victims Affected by Natural Disasters
It is also important to know the procedures for granting social assistance funds with a grant pattern by providing social assistance to members or community groups according to regional capabilities, which is carried out after prioritizing the fulfillment of mandatory expenditures.
In addition, it is intended to support the achievement of program and activity targets from the local area by taking into account the principles of justice, propriety, rationalization and benefits for the community. The provision of social assistance must be selective and meet the requirements of the beneficiary, be temporary and not continuous, unless in certain circumstances it can be sustainable in accordance with the intended use.
Not only social assistance funds with a grant pattern, sometimes there is also the result of collecting donations for disaster victims which can be given through authorized officials or can be directly to disaster victims after receiving instructions from authorized officials. However, the organizer of the collection of donations for disaster victims is required to provide reports on the receipt, delivery, and distribution of donations received to authorized officials for later inspection.
If the collection of donations is carried out without legal permission that has been given from the authorized official or it is not in accordance with the conditions that have been set earlier, it can be subject to criminal sanctions of imprisonment or fines or in accordance with the regulations that have been determined through Article 8 of Law no. 9/1961
Use of Disaster Management Funds
The use of disaster management funds is regulated in the provisions of Article 10 – Article 23 of Government Regulation Number 22 of 2008 concerning Funding and Management of Disaster Aid.
The use of disaster management funds consists of several stages, namely:
Disaster emergency response;
Planning, budgeting, implementation, reporting, and accountability for the use of disaster management funds sourced from the APBN or APBD at the pre-disaster stage are carried out in accordance with the provisions of laws and regulations.
Disaster Relief Management
The management of disaster relief assistance is regulated in the provisions of Article 24 – Article 30 of Government Regulation Number 22 of 2008 concerning Funding and Management of Disaster Aid.
The types of assistance provided to disaster victims are as follows:
- Disability compensation.
- Soft loans for productive businesses.
- Assistance in meeting basic needs.
All activities of disaster management in their implementation are monitored and reported in accordance with the provisions of laws and regulations.
INDONESIAN GOVERNMENT REGULATION CONCERNING DISASTER AID FINANCING AND MANAGEMENT.
In this Government Regulation what is meant by:
1. Disaster management funds are funds used for disaster management for the pre-disaster, emergency response, and/or post-disaster stages.
2. State Revenue and Expenditure Budget, hereinafter referred to as APBN, is the annual financial plan of the state government approved by the House of Representatives.
3. Regional Revenue and Expenditure Budget, hereinafter referred to as APBD, is the regional government’s annual financial plan approved by the Regional House of Representatives.
4. Disaster contingency funds are funds that are reserved to deal with the possibility of certain disasters.
5. Ready-to-use funds are funds that are always available and reserved by the Government to be used during a disaster emergency response until the emergency response deadline ends.
6. Grant-patterned social assistance funds are funds provided by the Government to local governments as post-disaster handling assistance.
7. Disaster emergency assistance is assistance to meet basic needs during emergency response.
8. The implementation of disaster management is a series of efforts that include the establishment of development policies that pose a risk of disaster, disaster prevention activities, emergency response, and rehabilitation.
9. National Disaster Management Agency, hereinafter abbreviated as BNPB, is a non-departmental government agency in accordance with the provisions of laws and regulations.
10. Regional Disaster Management Agency, hereinafter referred to as BPBD, is a regional government agency that carries out disaster management operations.
11. Relevant agencies/institutions are agencies/institutions related to disaster management.
USE OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT FUND
1. The use of disaster management funds is carried out by the Government, regional government, BNPB, and/or BPBD in accordance with their main duties and functions.
2. Disaster management funds are used in accordance with the implementation of disaster management which includes pre-disaster, emergency response, and/or post-disaster stages as referred to in Article 6.